In my career I have witnessed many companies and industries that did not innovate enough and are now extinct. Let me mention just two of them. Silicon Graphics was an innovation legend in the 1990s with a bold vision about the future, such as VR systems that would revolutionize education, healthcare and work. I am proud to have worked for “SGI”, and sad that the original company is not around anymore, not because we were not smart or talented enough but because we had placed all our bets on workstations and supercomputers and did not see the interconnected PC revolution…


Many governments, in order to deal with a likely resurgence of the pandemic in the fall, are launching track and trace apps. Citizen data are to be collected, analysed and used to identify, or predict, clusters and upticks in Covid-19 cases, and thus help isolate the infected and limit the scope and size of future lockdowns. The utility of such apps is enormous. Nevertheless, collecting such sensitive data from citizens poses a huge political dilemma for liberal democracies, which are meant to protect individual privacy as a fundamental civil right. Because of the nature of the challenge, it does not…


How Ai and Distributed Ledger Technology are changing the nature of work and reshaping what a “company” is

The global economy is undergoing unprecedented change, claiming cohorts of powerful and well-established companies as victims. Research by Richard Foster of Yale School of Management has shown that the average lifespan of firms has been consistently shrinking; from 67 years in the 1920s to 15 years today, and dropping fast. At current churn rate 75% of the S&P 500 will be replaced by 2027. We are witnessing a phenomenon of accelerated ‘creative destruction’, to use the terms of Austrian-American economist Joseph Schumpeter…


The AI-enabled organization

Digital transformation propels organizations towards reinventing not only their business models and technology stacks, but also how they organize work. Inevitably, they are transforming from hierarchies and silos into “platforms” and “ecosystems”, where success and survival depend on agility and innovation. Agility suggests the expedient and resilient blending of human capabilities and talents from inside or outside the organization; innovation suggests technologies that augment human capabilities, catalyze collaboration, secure systems and allow for fast prototyping, experimentation and market scaling.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a key technology that drives this historical and profound change. Like electricity, AI will power the information…


Artificial Intelligence is constantly pushing the boundaries of what machines are capable of. But could machines ever become better than us? The answer is of course ‘yes’, at least in many things where our intellect used to be the unchallenged champion of creativity and intelligence. Here are 5 tough intellectual areas where AI is already performing better than humans.

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  1. Search the web quicker

RankBrain is a machine learning AI that handles the toughest web queries in Google’s search engine. It understands the meaning of words and phrases, and can therefore guess what should be to the top ranking pages in…


Digital Transformation is on top of the investment agenda for most businesses across the globe. That’s mainly because consumers have dramatically changed their behaviour when it comes to forming opinions about anything - including who to vote for and what product or service to buy. We are nowadays spending an inordinate amount of our waking hours interacting with digital distribution channels, mostly via our smartphones. The number of mobile phone users in the world is expected to pass the five billion mark by 2019. That’s 65% of the world’s population! Having access to the internet while on the move, 24/7…


When I think about “embodiment” I understand it as a continuum of possibilities. Somewhere in the middle of this continuum is the human form, in all its diversity and variety, the level-setter of everything. The continuum’s edges are defined by the possibilities of shapeless, indistinguishable and nameless no-body — on one side — all the way to the other side of endless, infinite possibilities of super-bodies. That’s the definition of embodiment that I suggested at a recent workshop on AI narratives at the Royal Society in London, organised by the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence.

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Is Erica (depicted) the great grand-mother of Blade Runner’s Rachel?

I do not…


We need to democratize AI and Data now!

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is all the hype nowadays. Turn, however, your gaze away from the media limelight, focus your eyes on the enterprise, and you’re likely to get a different picture. Adoption of AI is slow. According to Gartner only one in 25 CIOs had a live AI implementation by 2017. At the same time, AI is virtually owned by the big tech giants whose business models require machine learning to operate, as they live by targeting users and customers with personalized messaging and recommendations using big structured and unstructured data. And…

George Zarkadakis

PhD in Artificial Intelligence, author of “Cyber Republic: reinventing democracy in the age of intelligent machines” (MIT Press, 2020), @zarkadakis

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